Machines of the Mind

SPHERES_02

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A brief pictorial journey of the  machines of mind

through the ages

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Abraham Izrael Stern calculating machine

 

 

 

Abraham Izrael Stern

 

 

 

Charles Stanhope (1753-1816)

 

 

 

The logical machines of Stanhope (square and circular demonstrators)

 

 

 

Last machine of Selling

 

 

 

Selling's multiplication machine (© Deutschen Museum, München)

 

 

 

The patent drawing of Selling's multiplication machine

 

 

 

A drawing of Selling's multiplication machine

 

 

 

Frank Baldwin

 

 

 

The Arithmometer of Frank Baldwin

 

 

 

The Arithmometer of Frank Baldwin, patent drawing-up, and the machine (Monroe Calculator Company)

 

 

 

The first pin-wheel machine of Frank Baldwin

 

 

 

The pin-wheel machine of Frank Baldwin (patent drawing)

 

 

 

BaldwinMachine1905

 

 

 

Sketch of the calculating mechanism of Slonimski's adding machine

 

 

 

Slonimski_Chaim_Zelig

 

 

 

Slonimski's multiplying machine

 

 

 

StaffelAddingMachine1842_Staffels machine (property of Muzeum Techniki in Warsaw, Poland)

 

 

 

StaffelMachine1851_machine in the Illustrated London News

 

 

 

StaffelMachineAddSub_adding machine (from the magazine Tygodnik Ilustrowany, 1867)

 

 

 

Izrael Abraham Staffel

 

 

 

The double-dial astronomical watch made by Jacob Auch

 

 

 

Johannes_Kepler

 

 

 

Schwilgue2The inside of calculating machine of Schwilgué in Zurich (Courtesy of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and Mr. Denis Roegel)

 

 

 

The calculating machine of Schwilgué in Zurich (Courtesy of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology)

 

 

 

The patent drawing of the calculating machine of Schwilgué

 

 

 

Under the top plate of calculating machine of Schwilgué (Courtesy of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and Mr. Denis Roegel)

 

 

 

A side view of the Schwilgué's machine in Zurich (Courtesy of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology)

 

 

 

General arrangement of Millionaire (Courtesy of Mr. John Wolf)

 

 

 

Part of the basic mechanism of Millionaire (Courtesy of Mr. John Wolf)

 

 

 

The Millionaire machine of SteigerEgli (Courtesy of Mr. John Wolf)

 

 

 

The Millionaire machine with keyboard (Courtesy of Mr. John Wolf)

 

 

 

The multiplier body of Millionaire (Courtesy of Mr. John Wolf)

 

 

 

The slider mechanism of Millionaire (Courtesy of Mr. John Wolf)

 

 

 

Drawing of the panel of Millionaire

 

 

 

The calculating machine of Victor Schilt (Courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution)

 

 

 

The inside of calculating machine of Victor Schilt (Courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution)

 

 

 

Under the top plate of calculating machine of Victor Schilt (Courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution)

 

 

 

A replica of the Schickard's instrument for astronomy calculations, created by Matthias Schramm (Universität Tübingen)

 

 

 

A replica of the Schickard's machine, created by Bruno v. Freytag Löringhoff in 1960 (Universität Tübingen)

 

 

 

 

 

 

SchickardPortrait

 

 

 

The instructions to the mechanician from the Württembergischen Landesbibliothek in Stuttgart The sketch from the Württembergischen Landesbibliothek in Stuttgart

 

 

 

Wilhelm Schickard, a drawing from 1632

 

 

 

A partial reconstruction of the Schickard's planetarium, Stadmuseum Tübingen (Universität Tübingen)

NewtonsTelescopeReplica

Astronomical instruments used by Flamsteed at Greenwich_1725

Table_of_Opticks_Cyclopaedia_Volume_2

John_Marshall_Technical_Optics

Edward Culpeper (1660- ca.1740)

Zeiis_Lenses_based_on_Abbe

Tellurium

Armillar_sphere

Galileo_Telescope

Sundials

Nocturnal

Astronomic_Reader

Nautic_Instruments

Galileo_Instruments

.a

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About RAM Chandrakausika राम च 51

Ram51 is a researcher in the various fields of Musicology, Philosophy and History as well as old languages. One of his first topics is the wide scope of Indo-arabic cultures as represented in various art-forms religion and history. Below a list of selected Research topics which sum up partitionally the task of anthropological Frameworks in totaliter : Sanskrit Hinduism and Mythology Hindustani Music, The Muqhal Empire Gharanas from North India Kashmir Sufiyana The Kashmir Santoor Traditional Folk Music from USA Philosophy in Orient and Okzident Genealogy of musical instruments Ethnomusicology, Arabic Maqams, No Theatre fromJapan, North american poetry, Cultural heritage of mankind and Islamic architecture... View all posts by RAM Chandrakausika राम च 51

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